Copper Alloys

Copper Alloys Copper Alloys

For many decades now, Diehl Metall has been a reliable partner as a supplier of sophisticated and high-quality semi-finished goods made of copper and copper alloys. To achieve this, we develop new material solutions for current and future challenges – customized to individual requirements for almost every application.

Diehl Metall DIN EN Symbol DIN EN No. Typical Applications Material Behavior
002 CuZn39Pb3 CW614N Shaped turned parts, forgings Very good machinability, very good hot forming properties
003 CuZn40Pb2 CW617N Closed-die forgings, automatic machining Very good machinability, very good hot forming properties
008 CuZn39Pb2 CW612N Drinking water applications, parts for precision, mechanical and apparatus engineering Very good machinability, very good hot forming properties
014 CuZn38Pb2 CW608N Parts for optics and precision engineering, contact pins Good machinability, good hot forming properties with good cold forming properties
015 CuZn39Pb0.5 CW610N - Very good hot forming properties with average cold forming properties
021 CuZn35Pb1 CW600N - Good hot and cold forming properties
023 CuZn37 CW508L Cold forming by means of deep drawing, pressing, upsetting, rolling, thread rolling, coining, bending Very good cold forming properties, good soldering and welding properties 
062
ECOMERICA
CuZn38As CW511L Drinking water applications Good cold forming properties, moderate hot forming properties
057
ECOMERICA
CuZn42 CW510L Shaped turned parts, forgings  Good hot forming properties, limited cold forming properties
013
ECOMERICA
CuZn40 CW509L Hot pressed parts, fitting and lock components Good hot forming properties, average cold forming properties
204 CuZn36 CW507L Cold forming by means of deep drawing, pressing, upsetting, rolling, thread rolling, coining, bending Very good cold forming properties, good soldering and welding properties
205 CuZn36Pb3 CW603N Automatic machining, for knurling and thread rolling  Very good machinability, good hot and cold forming properties
301 CuZn37Pb0.5 CW604N - Very good cold formability with average machinability
402 CuZn36Pb2As CW602N - Dezincification-resistant, good hot forming properties, good seawater resistance, good machinability
410 CuZn36Pb2As CW602N - Dezincification-resistant, good machinability, good hot forming properties, good seawater resistance
412
AQCUARIN
CuZn33Pb1AlSiAs CW725R Automatic machining, drinking water applications  Dezincification-resistant, good machinability, good hot forming properties
413
AQCUARIN
CuZb33Pb1AlSiAs CW725R Automatic machining, drinking water applications  Dezincification-resistant, good machinability, good hot forming properties
430
CUPHIN
CuZn21Si3P CW724R Drinking water applications, structural components  Very good machinability, very good hot forming properties, very good soft and hard solderability
430 CuZn21Si3P CW724R Automotive applications Very good machinability, very good hot forming properties, very good soft and hard solderability
451 CuZn40Mn1Pb1 CW720R Parts for automatic turning lathes, rolling bearing cages Good machinability, good hot forming properties, very good soft solderability
452 CuZn37Mn3Al2PbSi CW713R Synchronizer rings, shift forks, sliding blocks  Very good hot forming properties 
454 CuZn37Mn3Al2PbSi CW713R Worm gears, pump impellers, plain bearings Very good hot forming properties 
458 Cuzn37Mn3Al2PbSi CW713R Synchronizer rings, shift forks, valve guides  Very good hot forming properties 
460 CuZn35Ni3Mn2AlPb CW710R Mechanical engineering, plant engineering (pump impellers), shipbuilding  Corrosion-resistant, average hot and cold forming properties
460
TECPURE
CuZn31Si1 CW708R Bearing bushings, valve guides, other sliding components  Good cold forming properties, good wear resistance, high thermal resistance 
469 CuZn31Si1 CW708R Bearing bushings, valve guides, other sliding components Good cold forming properties

Information on special alloys is available upon request

  • Special Alloys
    Diehl Metall DIN EN Symbol DIN EN No. State Brinell Hardness HBW2.5/62.5 min. Tensile Strength² Rm [MPa] min. Yield Strength² Rp0.2 [MPa] min. Elongation² As [%] min. Typical Applications Material Behavior
    356³ CuZn36Mn3Al2Si1 - - 170-220
    (HBW2.5/62.5)
    630 330 13 Wear-resistant transmission parts, synchronizer rings Very high strength, good sliding wear resistance
    363 / 364³ CuZn35Mn3Si1Pb1 - - 80 solution annealed and precipitation hardened (HRB) 400 170 35 Structural parts in mechanical engineering Good sliding wear resistance
    412 AQCUARIN CuZn33Pb1AlSiAs CW725R H060 60 (HBW2.5/62.5) 280 120 20 Structural material Dezincification-resistant, good seawater resistance
    416 CuZn33Pb1.5AlAs CW626R H060 60 (HBW2.5/62.5) 280 120 20 Structural material Dezincification-resistant, suitable for use in tap waters, complies with the German Drinking Water Ordinance DIN 50930-6
    452 CuZn37Mn3Al2PbSi CW713R H130 130 (HBW2.5/62.5) 580 (550) 270 (200) 20 (8) Automotive parts such as synchronizer rings, gearshift forks, sliding blocks Good wear properties, excellent resistance to oil corrosion
    454 CuZn37Mn3Al2PbSi CW713R H130 130 (HBW2.5/62.5) 580 (550) 270 (200) 20 (8) Worm gears, pump impellers Good sliding properties, good resistance to oil corrosion
    455³ CuTn36Mn2Al1FePbSiSn - - 160 (HBW2.5/62.5) 580 270 20 Synchronizer rings, gearshift forks, sliding blocks High strength, good toughness, good resistance to oil corrosion
    458 CuZn37Mn3Al2PbSi CW713R H130 130 (HBW2.5/62.5) 580 (550) 270 (200) 20 (8) Synchronizer rings, gearshift forks, valve guides High strength, good sliding wear resistance
    466 CuZn23Al6mn4Fe3Pb CW704R - 200 (HBW2.5/62.5) 780 (700) 540 (500) 8 (5) Coated synchronizer rings, bushings, worm gears Very high strength
    467³ CuZn23Al6Mn4Fe3 - - 200 (HBW2.5/62.5) 780 540 8 Coated synchronizer rings, bushings, worm gears Very high strength
    470³ CuZn13Mn8Al5Si2Fe1Pb - - 180 (HBW2.5/62.5) 830 430 12 Wear-resistant transmission parts, synchronizer rings, sliding blocks Very high strength
    474³ CuZn13Mn8Al5Si2Fe1 - - 180 (HBW2.5/62.5) 630 430 12 Wear-resistant transmission parts, synchronizer rings, sliding blocks Lead-free
    479³ CuZn30Mn3Al3Si1NiCr - - 195-225 (HBW2.5/62.5) 650 400 15 Synchronizer rings High hardness, high wear resistance
    482³ CuZn29Al4Ni3Co1SiFePb - - 190 (HBW2.5/62.5) 790 710 15 Synchronizer rings High hardness, high wear resistance
    488³ CuZn32Ni7Al4Si2Fe - - 240-300 (HV50) 830 720 3 Synchronizer rings High wear resistance, high strength
    489³ CuZn18Mn8Al5Si2Fe1Pb - - 220-300 (HV50) 840 800 5 Synchronizer rings High wear resistance, high strength
    490³ CuZn35Ni14Si4Pb - - 170 (HV50) 560 400 4 Synchronizer rings Maximum wear resistance
    492³ CuZn18Mn8Al5Si2Fe1 - - 220-300 (HV50) 840 800 5 Synchronizer rings High wear resistance, high strength, lead-free

    Information according to Diehl material data sheet
    (Information according to EN 1242)

    ² Reference values
    ³ Not standardized according to EN 12420

  • Aluminum Bronzes
    Diehl Metall DIN EN Symbol DIN EN No. Zustand Brinell Hardness HBW2.5/62.5 min. Tensile Strength² Rm [MPa] min. Yield Strength² Rp0.2 [MPa] min. Elongation² As [%] min. Typical Applications Material Behavior
    700 CuAl10Ni5Fe4 CW307G H170 170 (HBW2.5/62.5) 720 (650) 360 (350) 12 (12) Bearings, worm gears High-strength material with high corrosion-resistance

    Information according to Diehl material data sheet
    (Information according to EN 1242) 

  • Standard Alloys
    Diehl Metall DIN EN Symbol DIN EN No. State Brinell Hardness HBW2.5/62.5 min. Tensile Strength² Rm [MPa] min. Yield Strength² Rp0.2 [MPa] min. Elongation² A5 [%] min. Typical Applications Material Behavior
    002 CuZn39Pb3 CW614N H070 70 350 140 15 Main alloys for forgings of all kinds: in particular fittings, housings Very good machinability, difficult to cold form
    003 CuZn40Pb2 CW617N H070 70 350 140 15 Forgings of all kinds: in particular for thin-walled parts Very good machinability, difficult to cold form
    008 CuZn39Pb2 CW612N H070 70 350 140 15 Forgings for machining and cold forming Good machinability, possible to cold form
    014 CuZn38Pb2 CW608N H070 70 350 140 15 Forgings for machining and cold forming Good machinability, possible to cold form
    015 CuZn39Pb0.5 CW610N   75 340 100 25 Fittings Easy to hot and cold form
    040 Cu-ETP CW004A H040 40 200 50 30 Parts for the electrical industry Easy to hot and cold form, possible to polish
    062
    ECOMERICA
    CuZn38As CW511L H060 60 280 120 20 Suitable for use in drinking water applications Dezincificationresistant, possible to cold form, machinable
    095 CuNi2Si CW111 H140 Solution annealed and precipitation hardened 140 470 320 12 Screws and bolts High strength, medium electrical conductivity
    362³ CuZn36Mn3Si -   120 450 320 15 Sliding parts Easy to cold form, good sliding wear resistance properties
    402 CuZn36Pb2As CW602N H060 60 280 120 20 Fittings Dezincificationresistant, possible to cold form, machinable
    430
    CUPHIN
    CuZn21Si3P CW724R H120 120 500 250 15 Forgings of all kinds Corrosionresistant, leadfree alloy, good machinability, high strength
    451 CuZn40Mn1Pb1 CW720R H080 85 350 160 15 Roller bearing cages, sliding parts Good machinability, medium strength
    453³ CuZn37Mn1Al1FePbSi -   110 440 180 20 Bevel gears, gears Medium strength, medium to high strength
    460 CuZn35Ni3Mn2AlPb CW710R H100 100 440 180 10 Apparatus engineering, ship fittings Medium machinability, seawater-resistant, medium to high strength

    Information according to Diehl material data sheet
    (information according to EH 12420)

    ²Reference values
    ³not standardized according EN 12420

  • Aluminum alloys
    Diehl Metall DIN EN Symbol DIN EN No. Heat Treatment State Cross Sectional Dimension t Treatment State(mm Brinell Hardness (3) HB2.5/62.5 min.  Tensile Strength Rm [MPa] min. L(4) Tensile Strength Rm [MPa] min. T(5) Yield Strength Rp0.2 [MPa] min. L(4) Yield Strength Rp0.2 [MPa] min. L(5) Elongation A5 [%] min. (4) Elongation A5 [%] min. (5) Typical Applications Material Behavior
    502 AlCu4Mg1 AW 2014 T4 t ≤ 100 105 420   260   8   Mechanical engineering, fasteners Natural aging, high strength
    503 AlZn5.5MgCu AW 7075 T6
    T73
    t ≤ 50
    50 < t ≤ 100
    t ≤ 50
    50 < t ≤ 100
    135
    130
    120
    112
    510
    500
    455
    445
    480
    470
    420
    410
    430
    425
    385
    375
    410
    400
    360
    350
    7
    6
    6
    6
    4
    4
    4
    3
    Vehicle construction, mechanical engineering, aviation industry Natural aging, high strength
    506 AlCu4SiMg AW 2014 T6 t ≤ 50
    50 < t ≤ 100
    120
    120
    440
    440
    430
    430
    380
    370
    370
    360
    6
    6
    3
    3
    Vehicle construction, mechanical engineering, aviation industry Artificial aging, maximum strength
    510 AlSi1MgMn AW6082 T6 t ≤ 100 90 310 290 260 250 6 5 Electrical engineering, vehicle construction, mechanical engineering Natural and artificial aging, medium strength
    511 (1) AlMgSiPb AW 6012   t ≤ 100 80 275 280 220 200 6 5 Parts for large-surface machining Natural and artificial aging, good machinability
    519 (1) AlSi12.5MgCuNi - T6 - 90 270   2010   5   Structural parts, increased wear resistance, transmission parts  Artificial aging, medium strength

    Besides these alloys, we also produce forgings made of other aluminum alloys upon request.    

    (1) Not standardized according to EN586
    (2) Diameter of the largest spherical shape which can be fitted into the forging
    (3) For acceptance tests if no tensile test can be carried out
    (4) Direction parallel to the main fiber flow
    (5) Any direction which is not parallel to the main fiber flow

    T4 = Undergoes solution annealing and natural aging
    T6 = Undergoes solution annealing and artificial aging
    T73 = Undergoes solution annealing and overaging (artificial aging) to achieve optimum resistance to stress corrosion cracking

Download overview of alloys

  • Brass
    Diehl Metall DIN EN Symbol DIN EN No. State Brinell Hardness HBW 2.5 / 62.5 min. Tensile Strength² Rm [MPa] min. Elongation² Rp0.2[MPa] Elongation² A5(%) min. Material Behavior
    356³ CuZn36Mn3Al2Si1 -   170-220 (HBW2,5/62,5) 630 330 13 Very good strength , good sliding wear properties
    452 CuZn37Mn3Al2PbSi CW713R H130 130 (HBW2,5/62,5) 580 (550) 270 (200) 20 (8) Good wear properties, excellent resistance to oil corrosion
    455³ CuTn36Mn2Al1FePbSiSn -   160 (HBW2,5/62,5 580 270 20 High strength, good toughness, good resistance to oil corrosion
    458 CuZn37Mn3Al2PbSi CW713R H130 130 (HBW2,5/62,5) 580 (550) 270 (200) 20 (8) High strength, good sliding wear properties
    466 CuZn23Al6Mn4Fe3Pb CW704R   200 (HBW2,5/62,5) 780 (700) 540 (500) 8 (5) Very high strength
    467³ CuZn23Al6Mn4Fe3 -   200 (HBW2,5/62,5) 780 540 8 Very high strength
    470³ CuZn13Mn8Al5Si2Fe1Pb -   180 (HBW2,5/62,5) 630 430 12 Very high strength
    474³ CuZn13Mn8Al5Si2Fe1 -   180 (HBW2,5/62,5) 630 430 12 High hardness, high wear resistance
    479³ CuZn30Mn3Al3Si1NiCr -   195-225 (HBW2,5/62,5) 650 400 15 High hardness, high wear resistance
    4823 CuZn29Al4Ni3Co1SiFePb -   190 (HBW2,5/62,5) 790 710 5 High wear resistance, high strength
    4883 CuZn32Ni7AI4Si2Fe -   240-300 (HV50) 830 720 3 High wear resistance, high strength
    4893 CuZn18Mn8Al5Si2Fe1Pb -   220-300 (HV50) 840 800 5 High wear resistance, high strength
    4903 CuZn35Ni14Si4Pb -   170 (HV50) 560 400 4 Maximum wear resistance
    4923 CuZn18Mn8Al5Si2Fe1 -   220-300 (HV50) 840 800 5 High wear resistance, high strength, lead-free

    Information according to Diehl material data sheet                         (Information according to EN 12420)

    ² Reference values
    ³ Not standardized according to EN 12420

  • Friction Layers
    Diehl Metall q [J/mm²] p [N/mm²] v [m/s]
    Diehl BlackLine 1.5 (5.0) 12 (24) 24 (42)
    Diehl GoldLine 0.4 (1.5) 10 (16) 8 (12)

    nominal (maximum)

  • Rods, Tubes, Profiles

    Diehl Metall
    Diehl Metall Messing
    Christian Topp
    Sales Department
    Heinrich-Diehl-Straße 9
    90552 Röthenbach a.d. Pegnitz
    Germany
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  • Synchonizer Rings & Die-Forgings

    Diehl Metall
    Diehl Metall Schmiedetechnik
    Manuel Köhler
    Head of Sales
    Heinrich-Diehl-Straße 9
    90552 Röthenbach a.d. Pegnitz
    Germany
    Send email